critical thinking challenge

Will Getting Married Really Prolong Your Life? Think Critically About the Argument...


A variety of studies all point to one conclusion: marriage prolongs life. One research project found that marriage lengthens the life span for both men and women. It found that married men live, on average, 10 years longer than nonmarried men, and married women live about four years longer than nonmarried women. Another study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, found that compared with married people, people who are widowed are 40 percent more likely to die, people who are divorced or separated are 27 percent more likely to die, and people who have never married were 58 percent more likely to die. The evidence is clear: people who want to live longer ought to get married.

Question 1:

Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the argument above?

a) People with poor health are just as likely to marry as other people.
b) Living longer is just one measure of a successful life.
c) Modern technology can help many people overcome the health disadvantages of social isolation.

Question 2:

Which of the following, if true, would weaken the argument above?

a) Never-married people are five times more likely to die of infectious diseases.
b) Married people, on average, are wealthier than non-married people.
c) Married people are more likely to encourage their spouses to see doctors on a regular basis.

Question 3:

Which of the following can be inferred from the statements above?

a) Married men tend to live longer than married women.
b) Nonmarried women tend to love longer than married women.
c) Married women tend to live longer than nonmarried women.
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